Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are passed from one person to another through either unprotected sex or genital contact. Patients can be tested for STIs at a sexual health clinic, genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinic or local GP surgery.
Types of sexually transmitted infections include chlamydia, gonorrhoea, genital herpes and genital warts.
Sexually transmitted infection can originate from bacteria (gonorrhea, syphilis, chlamydia), parasites (trichomoniasis) or viruses (human papillomavirus, genital herpes, HIV).
STI most often results from vaginal, anal, or oral sex.
Trichomoniasis infection can occur from using damp or moist towels and toilet seats. However, it is more common through sexual contact.
You are at particularly high risk if you have more than one sex partner, you have sex with someone who has multiple partners, you don't use protection (condom) or you share needles for administering intravenous drugs.
Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) causes genital warts and cervical cancer. Sexually Transmitted Diseases can also be passed from mother to baby before, during and after giving birth as the baby passes through the tunnel.
Newborn infections can be cured easily, whilst some babies do become disabled and even die.
Treating STDs before this stage can prevent such calamities.
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